Being connected through networking and telecommunications is now more important than ever. We currently live in an era where access to the rest of the world is made possible because of computers and lines of communication. In business, both are important to foster operations and customer service.

In this article, we will learn more about networking versus telecommunications and how each one can benefit your business.

What is Networking?

Computer networking or simply networking is the implementation of network construction and design to computer systems and other interconnected hardware devices by following communication protocols and using a software to manage it.

A network connects computers, phones, peripherals and some Interne of Things (IoT) devices, enabling these devices to interact with each other, the internet and other networks.

Devices are not the only important components of networking.  To operate well, the entire network must include provisions for maintenance, management, and operation of policies; as well as the infrastructure and software.

In computer networking, endpoints are connected to a main system commonly called the server. This enables devices to be linked via a local area network (LAN) through cables and wires or through the internet via a wide area network (WAN).  The internet itself is also a form of network.

Networking is essential in businesses to link with service providers and consumers on a global scale. It facilitates virtually anything that needs connection, from as little as two computers to multiple devices across a large area.

Purpose of Networking

Networking is mainly used to foster communication between devices. Among the other purposes are:

Data and File Sharing

Gone were the days when the only way to transfer files and data was through a floppy disk that had to be transported physically. Through networking, you can send files at the blink of an eye to any device. It also allows you to deliver data to multiple recipients at the same time.

This instantaneous sharing through the network helps employees to collaborate effectively in the workplace.

Resource Sharing

Devices connected to a network such as printers, backup systems, dedicated servers, internet connections and input devices can be shared across users simultaneously. Networking eliminates redundancy, enabling departments or offices branches to acquire the document they need through seamless resource sharing.

Easy Administration

Network systems are beloved by IT professionals because of the convenience they lend to administration and management of such networks. Networks allow security protocols and software measures to be implemented across multiple devices all at once instead of upgrading each one manually.

Data Protection

Data is shared effectively across users, so it is virtually impossible to lose critical data because copies can be distributed in several devices. Computer networks use a central backup system, either off-site or on-site, to prevent data loss due to accidental deletion or hardware damage.

What is Telecommunication?

Telecommunication is the process of information exchange by electronic means across significant distances. Types of information that can be exchanged through telecommunications typically include voice, video and data. The devices used in telecommunication to exchange information are telephones, fiber optics, radio, television, microwave communications and internet.

A circuit in telecommunication comprises a receiving end and a transmitting end. The transmission method varies based on the technology. It could either be through an electrical, wireless or optic fiber circuit.

Several transmitting and receiving stations may communicate in conjunction with one another, which forms a telecommunications network. This network enables messages to be delivered across devices that are not physically close, whether through telephone exchanges, computer servers or satellites.

Telecommunication is important for business because it is the way for information to go around and support operations. Functions like email, web browsing, social media networking, phone services, web conferences and file sharing all happen because of telecommunications.

Purpose of Telecommunications

Aside from its main purpose that is information exchange, telecommunications can also serve such functions in business:

Customer services

Direct communication between business and customer is still the most effective form of customer service strategy, and this is achieved through telecommunications. Phone inquiries and cold calls enable employees to reach out to potential clients and consequently offer them a direct line of communication with your company.

Teamwork and Collaboration

Effective communication lines within the company is also important in business, because it helps the staff collaborate with each other. One survey reveals that 97% of employees think that communication impacts every day performance. This number shows that good internal communication can foster productivity and efficiency.

Telecommunications also help in problem-solving and making decisions, since the team can brainstorm ideas even without physically being there.

Remote Work

Telecommunications make it possible for employees to work remotely. Mobile communications support productivity and communication even when the staff step out of the work premises.

Networking versus Telecommunications

The key differences between networking and telecommunications are as follows:

Mode of transmission

Networking requires physical medium to transmit functions, such as wires, cables and atmosphere at a close range. It also includes system applications and computer protocols. On the other hand, telecommunications transfer data through electromagnetic-receptive devices like phones, radios, televisions, satellites and the likes. The output is typically in the form of audio, video and image.

Failure of transmission

Failure in networking is usually caused by unplugged cables or errors in protocol. In telecommunications, the failure to exchange data is usually in miscommunication of applications or due to the location of the recipient.


Networking uses physical devices like switches, routers, wire cables, computers and a central hub to communicate and transmit functions; whereas telecommunications require coaxial cables, fiber optics, satellite systems, receiving devices (i.e. phones, radio) and twisted-pair wires to work.

Staying Connected Everywhere

Telecommunications has a bigger scope than networking, but it does not mean that one is entirely separate from the other. And while there are differences between these two technologies, both are two very important systems that foster the transfer of data and communication within and without the enterprise, keeping businesses alive in their respective competitive markets.

If you are looking for a service provider with the expertise and deep experience to implement your network and telecommunication systems, consider NST IT Solutions. Send us a message to learn more about our services.

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